Chemical skin peeling, or 'chemexfoliation,' is a common dermatological procedure and is most commonly applied to sun damaged/photo-aged skin, hyper-pigmentation, freckles, blemishes, superficial growths, fine to moderate facial lines, as well as to deeper wrinkles. It consists of the application of a chemical agent that destroys the superficial layers of the skin - resulting in the peeling and removal of those outer skin layers.
The chemicals most common to use for chemical skin peels are;
1. Glycolic acid
2. Lactic acid
3. Salicylic acid
6. Trichloracetic or bichloracetic acid
The benefits of chemical peeling are many and besides the obvious physical improvement of the skin, increased feelings of self-esteem and self-worth are among them. Moreover, the procedure's increasing popularity and acceptance indicates that patients often consider the benefits greater than the risks involved - which are minimal if the procedure is properly performed.
The use of chemical peels to improve the condition and appearance of the skin goes back to ancient times. However, dermatologists have been pioneers in modern chemexfoliation and substantial progress has been made in understanding both the nature of the skin and the variations of skin peeling treatments.
Chemical skin peeling is not only a effective way of rejuvenating the skin and increasing collagen production in the dermal layer of the skin, but an effective treatment for the removal of a number of skin abnormalities. It's increasingly believed that skin peels may prevent the development of skin cancer and precancerous growths are destroyed in the chemical skin peeling process.
No one doubts the value of chemical skin peeling for prematurely aged skin that exhibits lines, wrinkles and hyper-pigmentation. It's also appreciated that the benefits are long-lasting. The long-lasting results seem to be due to formation of new structures in the basal layer in of the epidermis and superficial layer of the dermis. Chemical skin peeling can also be applied to the hands, feet and chest areas.
However, chemical skin peeling is no miraculous procedure, and those with fine, delicate lines and wrinkles will obtain the best results, while those with deep lines related to the underlying muscles of facial expression will receive very limited benefit (botox is suitable for that.) Neither is chemical skin peeling effective in severe burn scars or keloid scarring that involve the deeper layers of skin..